Прошедшее продолженное время - The Past Continuous Tense


Глагольная форма в прошедшем продолженном времени имеет модель I (he, she, it) was doing, we (you, they) were doing. Эта форма указывает на то, что действие было в процессе совер- шения в определённый момент в прошлом. Этот момент может быть представлен обстоятельством времени, другим действием в прошлом или предполагаться ситуацией:
That time yesterday my husband was working in the garden.
He was digging. Глагольная форма was working и was digging показывает, что определённое лицо находилось в процессе указанной деятельности; этот человек начал работать в саду до определённого момента и не закончил работу в этот момент. В этом смысле такое действие считается незавершённым (незаконченным). Момент в прошлом в этом случае может быть выражен другим действием в прошлом в структуре придаточного предложения:
When you phoned me, I was watching TV.
(I was in the middle of doing this.) В отличие от прошедшего продолженного прошедшее простое обозначает законченное действие — его начали и завершили.

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  • 1. That time I didn’t know how to use this computer programme yet, I only a computer course.
      took was taking will take
  • 2. I knew that my sister her room only because Mum told her to do this.
      tidied was tidying will tidy
  • 3. When I came back home, it smelt nice. My wife something delicious.
      has cooked cooked was cooking
  • 4. “What at the time of the murder?” asked the policeman the suspect.
      did you do were you doing have you done
  • 5. The children were playing on the school playground when it to rain.
      started was starting had started
  • 6. Our executive director with the foreign representatives during the lunch hour.
      was negotiating negotiated negotiates
  • 7. He said that he couldn’t join us as he his foreign visitors
      will receive is receiving was receiving
  • 8. It was such a mess in my fl at when the visitors had left that I the rooms after them for three hours.
      tidied up was tidying up had tidied up
  • 9. Yesterday the weather was terrible. It the whole afternoon.
      was raining has been raining rained
  • 10. I knew that she only when her Mum told her to do this.
      will wash the dishes was washing the dishes washed the dishes
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