Будущее совершённое время - The Future Perfect Tense


Будущее совершённое время (the future perfect tense), в сравнении с будущим простым, может квалифицироваться как предбудущее (более раннее) действие, так как оно обозначает действие, заканчивающееся до начала другого действия в будущем (более позднего будущего). Эта глагольная форма имеет те же временны´ е показатели, что и прошедшее совершённое, но только применительно к будущему: by two o’clock (tomorrow), by the evening, by the end of the week (month, year) и так далее:
We will (We’ll) have finished the work by the end of the week.
I will (I’ll) have passed all exams by the beginning of June. Более позднее будущее по отношению к будущему совершённому может быть выражено придаточным предложением времени, в котором глагол принимает форму настоящего времени, употребляющегося в значении будущего:
They will (They’ll) have returned by the time you come.
I will (I’ll) have informed her of the event before she gets a letter from him.

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  • 1. Next May is Steve and Emma’s wedding anniversary. They for ten years.
      will be married are married will have been married
  • 2. When Robert his examination, he is going to take up windsurfing.
      will pass passes has passed
  • 3. We expect Anne the job as she has skills and qualifications necessary for the position.
      will get is going to get will have got
  • 4. If you continue spending the money so easily buying trifles, by the end of your vacation you of it.
      will have run out will run out run out
  • 5. Don’t worry if I tonight; leave the key to the door under the rug.
      will be late am going to be late am late
  • 6. Do you think the team the match aft er a series of unsuccessful games?
      will have won will win will be winning
  • 7. When do you expect our boss to leave for New York for negotiations? — He next Monday.
      will leave will have leaved will be leaving
  • 8. I promise I’ll contact you as soon as I .
      arrive will arrive will have arrived
  • 9. When we know about the results of the job interview? — We have some more applicants, and we’ll get in touch with you within two days.
      do will are … going to
  • 10. Let’s take a taxi. If we go on foot, we will be late; by the time we get to the theatre, the performance .
      will have already started will already start starts
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